Barcelona, the capital of Catalonia, has a rich history that spans over 2,000 years. The cradle of many cultures and a witness to major transformations, Barcelona has a fascinating history, its whole past is projected into its present.The origins of the city of Barcelona, which have been defined thanks to archaeological remains and literary and cartographic sources, date from the 1st century A.D., when the Romans established a small colony around the Taber mount. Its whole past is projected into its present. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Barcelona became a center of the Modernista movement, with many iconic buildings from this era still standing today.
The Barcelona of the 21st century is a city shaped by the '92 Olympics, a city transformed for and by the need to do justice to that great international event. The Barcelona we see around us now, the Barcelona we enjoy today, is a new Barcelona, Mediterranean in keeping with its traditions, with its face to the sea and its arms open to other cultures and peoples, giving and receiving, happy to make and to share its riches.
The traces of this history and diversity can be followed as you walk through the city: through its Gothic Quarter, built on the Roman ruins; through its art-nouveau Eixample district, presided over by Gaudi's exuberant architecture, which at the same time reveals an ordered and rational urban layout.
Websites of Interest:
Barcelona City Official Web SiteThe Grand Theatre of the Liceu
The National Theatre of Catalonia
The Poble Espanyol (Spanish Village)